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Understanding Psalms
Chronologically Presented in Order

LESSON TWO

The Earliest Psalm
The Eternal Position of God.
We Must start from His beginning,
That place is known as ETERNITY!

The Five Books

Psalms is divided into five separate books, and each of them contain a set number of psalms or songs. We need to grasp these different as they were presented and writ. The best way to grasp them is by looking at them chronologically. However, something could be said regarding these segmentations of the Psalms. They are recognized by the way they end. These endings are: Chapters 41, 72, and 89 all end with the double amen, while 106 and 150 end with Praise the Lord. Therefore, the following can become the understanding of these segmentations:

1-41
Book One


42-72
Book Two


73-89
Book Three


90-106
Book Four


107-150
Book Five

It is interesting to note that the number five as it relates to Scripture is seen elsewhere and aids in our understanding of these five books known as Psalms. We understand that the number five in Scripture is understood as the number of “ministry” and that term connects us to fully knowing that meaning by several examples. However, for the sake of time I will share one of them in two locations, which leans us towards grasping this meaningful conclusion. In the new testament we see this number five in the Book of Ephesians ch.4 where we discover that Jesus gave us five gifting’s that are by design agents of ministry who equip, build, and extend the Church. These ministry agents are clearly seen as (1) apostles, (2) prophets, (3) evangelists, (4) pastors, (5) & teachers. Now we can conclude the matter of five being the number of ministry by turning our attention to the old testament to discover ministry there. In order for us to locate the five in ministry we turn our attention to Moses and more importantly, his brother Aaron. When we look at how God sets in order the way things are to be in the tabernacle of Moses, we find God speaking to Moses saying to set aside his brother Aaron and his four sons for the work of MINISTRY (Exodus 28-29). So we find in just these two examples of how we come to understand the biblical numeric meaning of five being ministry. Now when we go back to the five books of Psalms, we soon discover this truth quickly enough, especially when we start to consider the how they align with the first five books of the Bible. Therefore, we find the following to be true in their coorelation:

Psalms Book 1
Genesis
Apostles
Aaron


Psalms Book 2
Exodus
Prophets
Eleazar


Psalms
Book 3
Leviticus
Evangelists
Ithamar


Psalms
Book 4
Numbers
Pastors
Nadab


Psalms
Book 5
Deuteronomy
Teachers
Abihu

For this study we will not persist ourselves into furthering the detail of what is listed, but to simply share the foundation for later study, and to relate these Books in grasping their content and the elements of what they contain. For now, we will just say that these five books relate to the first five books of the Bible, and even to the gifts to the church, and the first ministry priests established by God. Like I stated previously, if we want to fully grasp these Psalms, the best way to comprehend their impact and as to why they were written and inspired in the FIRST place, we must place them FIRST in their respective chronological order. We have already done so with a portion of them in the beginning of Genesis 1, so let’s move forward in our seeing how they came to be, and what the influence was, what was happening around the one who wrote it, who wrote it, and why? So let’s see what we have learned chronologically thus far.

John 1:1-2
Psalm 90:2
Genesis 1:1
Isaiah 14:12-17
Ezekiel 28:13-18
Genesis 1:2
Jeremiah 4:23-26
Isaiah 45:18
Genesis 2:4

Psalms 90 was written by Moses. Since the first five books were written by him, it is obviously concluded that his relationship between he and God was one that was of such strength and most likely very deep. God called him His friend. Moses asked to see His glory! Between these two extremes we cannot help but conclude that their relationship must have been one amazingly powerful. When you read the entire 90th Psalms, you realize that what God shared with Moses, and the details therein with just even the first few chapters of Genesis, that this relationship was one without comparison. Verse 2 of Psalms 90 is all too clear of how Moses saw creation as God made it.

The Psalm is titled “A Prayer of Moses”/ Although it is uncertain where and in what manner this Psalm was preserved from its’ Divinely inspired moment until its’ collection of all the Psalms, but obviously it was under special protection. It must be noted that Moses taught the people of Israel how to pray. Moses is here called the man of God, because he was a prophet as well as the father of prophets and is also known as a type of the Great Prophet as well. Verse two in particular teaches the people of God on how to give glory to God in and of His eternity! We can see this same conclusion in Proverbs (8) as it relates to Psalms 90:2, where we find Solomon the wisest man ever to conclude the beginning this way of God’s eternal position where he said: before the earth fell in travail, or, as we may read it, before thou hadst formed the earth and the world. We can see in the mind of Moses how serious and amazing God’s eternal reality truly is when we consider Psalm 90, and especially in verse 2:

“BEFORE THE MOUNTAINS WERE BROUGHT FORTH, OR EVER YOU HAD FORMED THE EARTH AND THE WORLD, EVEN FROM EVERLASTIN TO EVERLASTING, YOU ARE GOD.”

We find beginning in verse 3 the understanding and seriousness of His eternal position, by the comparison and the usage of our mortality to grasp, “You (God) turn man to destruction, and say, ‘Return, O children of men’.” As we continue reading further into this Psalm we find more to realizing His eternal truth verses our frail reality when we read in verse three, “For a thousand years in YOUR sight are like yesterday when it is past, and like a watch in the night.”

This Psalm is a Prayer of Moses the man of God. This Psalm is also revealing the eternity of God, and the mortality of man. We should take great comfort from God’s immortality, because we are dying creatures, and if we take comfort in a world around us that is dying, too, are in and of themselves dying comforts as well. However, God is everlasting as Psalms 90:2 proclaims. He is ever-living, and those who find Him, trusting in Him will also find the greatest of comfort in making His eternal position as their own. May I also remind us that this is the FIRST Psalm of the FOURTH Book of the collection.

Our next study will conclude Psalms 90 in where chronologically it is found. We will be blessed to know how this Psalm is so foundational. We will see the events that were taken place around this Psalm, and soon discover how serious God’s position is, and how much we must depend on Him.

Be blessed